If you play or even just watch tennis then you probably know that there are a few different surfaces. We want to give you an idea of what it’s like to play on the 4 main ones and the differences in speed, bounce etc.
There are four main types of tennis court surface: clay courts, hard courts, grass courts and carpet / fake grass courts.
Let’s start with the oldest and fastest surface –
This surface is the fastest of all the tennis court surfaces due to its slippery surface. The ball has a lower bounce as the soil is softer than the materials used on the other types of tennis courts. The Grass Courts may also produce an unpredictable bounce to the ball due to the softer and slightly uneven surface of grass.
Due to the characteristics of the Grass Courts, the ball moves at a faster pace with a lower bounce thus favouring players with a good serve and net players. Grass is the most physically forgiving to the body because of its softness
Hard courts are made of concrete, then covered with a synthetic surface layer to offer bounce consistency and are the most consistent and most common type of playing surface on the pro tour. They’re are faster than clay but not as fast as grass courts and the best for all round players and encourage players to develop an all-court game.
There are two types: Red Clay (made out of crushed brick) and Green Clay made from crushed basalt). Clay courts slow down the ball and produce a high bounce in comparison to grass or hard courts. For this reason, the clay court takes away many of the advantages of big serves, which makes it hard for serve-based players to dominate on the surface. They’re cheaper to construct than other types of tennis courts, but cost more to maintain and need to be rolled to preserve flatness. Clay courts are more common in Europe and Latin America than in North America, and tend to heavily favour baseline players
Fake Grass / Carpet
This surface is no longer used for professional events but is very popular in northern Europe where rain is more frequent, especially Ireland and the UK. Unlike natural grass, artificial grass tennis courts are far less slippery in wet weather, and also dry out much quicker. Carpet is generally a fast surface, faster than hardcourt, with low bounce.
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