The United States Open Championship, commonly known as the U.S. Open, is the open national championship of golf in the United States. It is the third of the four major championships in golf, after the Masters usually held in April, the USPGA in May and before The Open in July. The US open is is on the official schedule of both the PGA Tour and the European Tour.
Where it all began
The first U.S. Open was played on October 4, 1895, on a nine-hole course at the Newport Country Club in Newport, Rhode Island. It was a 36-hole competition and was played in a single day. Only 11 competitors contended for the gold medal on the nine-hole course at the Newport Rhode Island Golf and Country Club, and the first prize for this 36-hole tournament was $150!
Since 1898 the competition has been 72 holes of stroke play (the player with the lowest total number of strokes is the winner). Regional qualifying tournaments have been held since 1924 to keep the number of players manageable, although golfers also become eligible to compete in the US Open by winning specified tournaments.
The US Open in modern times
The championship and third major of the year is staged by the USGA in mid-June, so that if there are no weather delays, the final round is played on the third Sunday, which is Father Day. The U.S. Open is staged at different courses every year and is usually notoriously difficult to play, low scores make very very hard work and premium is placed on accurate driving. As of 2019 the U.S. Open awards a $12.5 million purse, the largest of all 4 major championships and tied for largest of all PGA Tour events with the USPGA also with $12.5 million.
Most Prolific US Open Winners
Willie Anderson, 1901, 1903, 1904, 1905
Bobby Jones 1923, 1926, 1929, 1930
Ben Hogan 1948, 1950, 1951, 1953
Jack Nicklaus 1962, 1967, 1972, 1980
Hale Irwin 1974, 1979, 1990
Tiger Woods 2000, 2002, 2008
The following players have won the US Open 2 times : Alex Smith, John McDermott, Walter Hagen, Gene Sarazen, Ralph Guldahl, Cary Middlecoff, Julius Boros, Billy Casper, Lee Trevino, Andy North, Curtis Strange, Ernie Els, Lee Janzen, Payne Stewart, Retief Goosen, Brooks Koepka
Full List of US Open Winners
|1900||Harry Vardon (U.K.)|
|1920||Edward Ray (U.K.)|
|1935||Sam Parks, Jr.|
|1965||Gary Player (S.Af.)|
|1970||Tony Jacklin (U.K.)|
|1981||David Graham (Austl.)|
|1994||Ernie Els (S.Af.)|
|1997||Ernie Els (S.Af.)|
|2001||Retief Goosen (S.Af.)|
|2004||Retief Goosen (S.Af.)|
|2005||Michael Campbell (N.Z.)|
|2006||Geoff Ogilvy (Austl.)|
|2007||Ángel Cabrera (Arg.)|
|2010||Graeme McDowell (N.Ire.)|
|2011||Rory McIlroy (N.Ire.)|
|2013||Justin Rose (U.K.)|
|2014||Martin Kaymer (Ger.)|
in 2019, Gary Woodland lead the field for nearly the whole weekend, winning the championship on 13 under. He held off a bid for a 3rd US Open title by Brook Koepka who finished second on 10 under.
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